Several states in India have effectively legislated discrimination against those with tuberculosis and leprosy. As a recent article states,
"There are in fact many Acts in the country clearly advocating discrimination against tuberculosis and leprosy patients. A leprosy patient cannot stand for local body or panchayat elections in states like Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. This prohibition extends to tuberculosis patients in Orissa's Panchayati Raj Act. Further, if a member of local office contracts tuberculosis or leprosy during his/her tenure he/she may be declared ineligible for the job. In Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the hearing impaired and mute also cannot stand for panchayat elections."
See here for a link to the entire article, and a good website.
Paul Farmer has a lot to say about structural violence, that is societal or structural forces (law, for example) that oppress a certain segment of the population thereby negatively impacting their health. As he has stated, "the worlds poor are the main victims of structural violence. The poor are not only more likely to suffer, they are also less likely to have their suffering noticed." "The task at hand is to identify the forces conspiring to promote suffering."